If a man suspects or if his doctor suspects that he may have testicular cancer; the doctor will ask him to come in for an exam and some testing that will include blood tests, ultrasound, and perhaps a biopsy of any tumor that may be found by ultrasound.
The physical exam includes feeling for changes in size, shape or texture of the testicles. The doctor may ask questions about symptoms, and the duration of them. A thorough examination will be conducted on any male presenting with a painless testicular lump, or complains of scrotal heaviness, dull ache or acute pain.
The blood test will be looking for tumor markers such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (