Answers To Some Of The Most Asked Questions About Testicular Cancer

Males and those who love them often ask a lot of questions about those things that put them at risk such as testicular cancer. The questions about testicular cancer usually revolve around what it is, how to prevent it, what symptoms to look for, are there different kinds of testicular cancer, and what tests are involved in making the diagnosis. All of these are good questions and should be asked of the doctor providing you with care. Information gives you power, and feeling powerful about having cancer can be a wonderful tool for helping you to successfully complete treatment.

First of all, what is testicular cancer? Abnormal cell growth occurs in the testes. This cell growth can sometimes be detected by feel or by ultrasound.

Who can get testicular cancer? Any male at any age can discover the first signs of cancer in the testes. It is most prevalent in males ages 15 through 35. Statistics support that white males are diagnosed more often than any other men.

What caused testicular cancer in me? Medical experts and researchers do not yet know the exact cause of testicular cancer, but they do know that there are some issues with the testicles that seem to make some men prone to getting the cancer such as having had testicles that did not descend from the abdomen to the scrotum before birth or by the time he is 3 months of age. Those males with Klinefelter syndrome (a genetic disorder) seem to have a higher chance of getting testicular cancer. Males who have previously had testicular cancer in one testicle and those who have brothers, fathers or a male twin who had testicular cancer also tend to have a higher risk of getting it themselves. There are men however; who have been diagnosed with testicular cancer and did not have any of the above risk factors for it so not having these factors does not necessarily mean that you won’t get this cancer.

What should I look for to see if I have the early signs of testicular cancer? Males from age 15 on should do self-examinations in order to have a better chance of catching the cancer in the early stage. Catching testicular cancer early gives the male his best chance of being successfully treated. Males should examine their testicles and scrotums for anything out of the ordinary such as a change in size or shape or feel. If you notice a heaviness or ache in your scrotum, a dull pressure or pain in the lower back, belly, or in the groin, or if you feel the pain in all three places, you should notify your doctor immediately.

How is testicular cancer diagnosed? Blood tests, x-rays and ultrasound images can detect the presence of testicular cancer in males that present with signs or symptoms or are having these tests for other reasons such as a routine exam or fertility testing. These tests can also be used to determine if the cancer has spread from the testes to other parts of the body.

What does the treatment for testicular cancer consist of? The usual protocol for testicular cancer treatment is to surgically remove the testicle with the cancer and then to use chemotherapy to destroy any cancer cells that may have remained after surgery. Radiation therapy is also used to destroy cancer cells. Radiation is a high dose of x-rays. If found early testicular cancer has a high cure rate.

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